Criminal Defense And Mental Health

Criminal Lawyers Newark
Rispoli & Borneo P.C.

A bill that recently passed the Senate in New Jersey seeks to establish a statewide mental health diversion program for individuals with diagnosed mental disorders who have committed nonviolent offenses. The program aims to divert eligible individuals away from the criminal justice system and into case management and mental health services.

However, the bill was amended to exclude individuals convicted of “Megan’s Law triggering crimes,” such as aggravated sexual assault, kidnapping, and endangering the welfare of children, from participation in the program. The amendment was made in response to a conditional veto of the bill by Governor Phil Murphy, at the request of Senator Teresa Ruiz, a primary sponsor of the bill.

The bill’s intent is to address the issue of individuals with mental health disorders being caught in the criminal justice system, with a focus on reducing recidivism. It aims to provide a collaborative effort between defense attorneys, public defenders, prosecutors, judges, and mental health professionals to divert individuals with mental health issues from the criminal path. While the bill has garnered support, some lawmakers have raised concerns about eliminating court involvement in the decision-making process and giving sole discretion to prosecutors. Critics argue that law enforcement may not be qualified to determine mental illness, leading to unchecked discretion.

Navigating Mental Health As A Criminal Defense 

In the realm of criminal defense, mental health plays a crucial role in shaping the legal landscape. Our Newark criminal lawyers understand the importance of addressing mental health issues when they intersect with criminal charges. Mental health as a defense strategy involves presenting evidence of a defendant’s mental state at the time of the alleged crime. This approach seeks to establish that the defendant’s mental condition affected their capacity to understand the consequences of their actions or adhere to the law.

The Burden Of Proof

In New Jersey, the burden of proving a defendant’s mental illness falls on the defense. This means that the defense must demonstrate, through expert testimony and evidence, that the defendant suffered from a mental disorder that impaired their judgment and control at the time of the offense.

Insanity Defense

One common mental health defense in New Jersey is the insanity defense. To succeed with this defense, the defendant must prove that they were legally insane at the time of the crime. This entails showing that they couldn’t comprehend the wrongfulness of their actions due to a severe mental disorder.

Diminished Capacity

In cases where the defendant’s mental health may not meet the criteria for insanity, the defense may argue for diminished capacity. This approach acknowledges that the defendant had a mental disorder but asserts that it did not rise to the level of legal insanity. 

Getting Trusted Help With Your Defense

Mental health as a criminal defense in New Jersey is a vital aspect of the legal system. It acknowledges the impact of mental disorders on a defendant’s capacity to understand the consequences of their actions. If you are facing criminal charges where mental health may be a factor, consult with our experienced attorneys at Rispoli & Borneo P.C. We are dedicated to providing you with expert legal counsel and a strong defense strategy tailored to your unique circumstances. Your mental health matters, and so does your legal defense.